COVID-19 in Papua New Guinea: information, expert commentary and media

In recent days, the total number of reported COVID-19 cases in Papua New Guinea has risen sharply to 62 (28/7/2020). Although reported case numbers remain low, low testing rates, particularly outside of Port Moresby, means there is concern the actual number of infections may be higher. If the virus begins to spread within PNG, it will be difficult to contain given the poor health infrastructure in the country and the limited capacity of the state. Its spread and impact will highlight the capacity of households to respond and adapt their livelihood and farming systems to the pandemic. It will also reflect how social and economic inequalities within communities’ structure levels of vulnerability. Those living in high density informal settlements within the major towns and cities seem particularly vulnerable.

Health workers going on patrol in New Ireland

In an attempt to keep people informed on the spread of COVID-19 in PNG and its impacts, we are providing links to websites and articles that provide useful and relevant information (compiled in reverse chronological order). The content and views expressed in these articles are those of the authors, and not those of the Pacific Livelihoods Research Group.

See:

ANU. (2020). COVID-19 and the Pacific. https://devpolicy.org/tag/covid-19-and-the-pacific/

PNG National Operation Centre for COVID-19. (2020). Official COVID-19 website. https://covid19.info.gov.pg/

WHO. (2020). COVID-19 preparedness & response in Papua New Guinea. https://www.who.int/papuanewguinea/emergencies/covid-19-in-png

Wikipedia. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic in Papua New Guinea. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Papua_New_Guinea


Doherty, B. (2020, 13 October). Papua New Guinea to fit ankle monitors to arrivals in Covid quarantine. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/oct/13/papua-new-guinea-to-fit-ankle-monitors-to-arrivals-in-covid-quarantine

UNICEF. (2020, 9 October). Papua New Guinea launches its COVID-19 Education Emergencies Response and Recovery Plan. https://www.unicef.org/png/press-releases/papua-new-guinea-launches-its-covid-19-education-emergencies-response-and-recovery

Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities. (2020, 9 October). Epidemiological Risk: COVID-19 and the Pacific. http://www.crassh.cam.ac.uk/events/29376

Aualiitia, T. (2020, 6 October). WHO fast-tracking 40,000 new rapid COVID-19 tests to Papua New Guinea. https://www.abc.net.au/radio-australia/programs/pacificbeat/png-covid-testing/12734698

Radio New Zealand. (2020, 2 October). Another Covid case suggests community transmission in PNG’s Western Province. https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/427437/another-covid-case-suggests-community-transmission-in-png-s-western-province

McClure, H. (2020, 30 September). COVID-19 – The Pacific response: 30 September. https://www.policyforum.net/covid-19-the-pacific-response-30-september/

Steketee, M. (2020, 11 September). Just a matter of time for PNG? https://insidestory.org.au/just-a-matter-of-time-for-png/

McClure, H. (2020, 9 September). COVID-19 – The Pacific response. https://www.policyforum.net/covid-19-the-pacific-response-9-september/

Radio New Zealand. (2020, 6 September). PNG’s East Sepik records first Covid-19 case. https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/425373/png-s-east-sepik-records-first-covid-19-case

Schmidt, E. & Fang, P. (2020, September). Agri-food trade trends in Papua New Guinea: Reflections on COVID-19 policies and dietary change. https://doi.org/10.2499/p15738coll2.133998

Newton Cain, T. & Carreon, B. (2020, 30 Aug). ‘We are in dire straits’: Pacific stands on Covid brink amid surging infection. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/30/we-are-in-dire-straits-pacific-stands-on-covid-brink-amid-surging-infections

Wilson, C. (2020, 29 August). Pacific’s fight against Covid-19 hamstrung by lack of clean water. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/29/pacifics-fight-against-covid-19-hamstrung-by-lack-of-clean-water

Howes, S. & Surandiran, S. (2020, 24 August). What are Pacific governments spending on in response to COVID-19? https://devpolicy.org/what-are-pacific-governments-spending-on-in-response-to-covid-19-20200824/

Fainu, K. (2020, 22 August). The return of shell money: PNG revives old ways after Covid’s blow to economy. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/22/the-return-of-shell-money-png-revives-old-ways-after-covids-blow-to-economy

AFP-SBS. (2020, August 21). China questioned over claims coronavirus vaccine was trialled on workers in Papua New Guinea. https://www.sbs.com.au/news/china-questioned-over-claims-coronavirus-vaccine-was-trialled-on-workers-in-papua-new-guinea

Doherty, B. (2020, 21 August). Papua New Guinea bans Chinese mine staff ‘given experimental Covid-19 vaccine’. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/21/papua-new-guinea-bans-chinese-mine-staff-given-experimental-covid-19-vaccine

Darmadi, M. (2020, 19 August). PNG health Authorities turn to e-Health to provide medical training to outer provinces during COVID-19 pandemic. https://www.abc.net.au/radio-australia/programs/pacificbeat/png-health-authorities-turn-to-ehealth/12572606

Radio New Zealand. (2020, 14 August). Two more Covid-19 cases confirmed in PNG overnight. https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/423521/two-more-covid-19-cases-confirmed-in-png-overnight

McClure, H. (2020, 12 August). COVID-19 – the Pacific response. https://www.policyforum.net/covid-19-the-pacific-response-12-august/

Whiting, N. (2020, 12 August). Papua New Guinea is walking a tightrope on coronavirus, so it’s abandoned lockdowns. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-08-12/png-abandons-lockdown-resolves-to-live-with-coronavirus/12545602

Pacific Women. (Retrieved 2020, 12 August). A summary of Pacific Women’s Webinar on Women’s Economic Empowerment and COVID-19. https://pacificwomen.org/resources/a-summary-of-pacific-womens-webinar-on-womens-economic-empowerment-and-covid-19/#.XzJhrhg_hdQ.email

Howes, S. & Sinopane, J. (2020, August 7). PNG’s job crisis and COVID-19. https://devpolicy.org/pngs-job-crisis-and-covid-19-20200807/

Doherty, B. (2020, 6 August). Papua New Guinea’s massive Ok Tedi mine closes as COVID cases spread to new areas. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/06/papua-new-guineas-massive-ok-tedi-mine-closes-as-covid-cases-spread-to-new-areas

Whiting, N. (2020, 1 August). PNG’s coronavirus spike appears to have been triggered by a COVID-19 lab tester. Now a hospital is the epicentre. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-08-01/pngs-big-covid-19-spike-has-come-from-within-its-health-system/12510788

Business Advantage PNG. (2020, July). Economic Update on Papua New Guinea. https://youtu.be/Rbn5DhL4XPM

World Bank Group. (2020, July). In the Time of COVID-19: From Relief to Recovery. http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/964591594230524376/pdf/Papua-New-Guinea-Economic-Update-In-the-Time-of-COVID-19-From-Relief-to-Recovery.pdf

ABC Radio National. (2020, 27 July). PNG calls on World Health Organization and military for help to deal with coronavirus. https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/breakfast/png-calls-on-world-health-organization-and-military-for-help/12493986

Doherty, B. (2020, 27 July). Coronavirus cases in Papua New Guinea double in days. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/27/coronavirus-cases-in-papua-new-guinea-double-in-days

Togiba, L. & Doherty, B.  (2020, 25 July). We don’t have enough beds: PNG hospitals braces for Covid-19 surge.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/25/we-dont-have-enough-beds-png-hospitals-braces-for-covid-19-surge?CMP=Share_AndroidApp_Gmail 

Whiting, N. & Kora, B. (2020, 23 July). Coronavirus cases rise in Papua New Guinea, prompting fears for vulnerable health systemhttps://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-07-22/coronavirus-covid-19-png-port-moresby-cases-rise/12480306

Graue, C. (2020, 22 July). PNG bracing for new restrictions after eight new COVID-19 cases confirmed. https://www.abc.net.au/radio-australia/programs/pacificbeat/png-bracing-for-new-restrictions-after-eight-new-covid-cases/12479344

Radio New Zealand. (2020, 21 July). Two more Covid-19 cases in PNG capitalhttps://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/421658/two-more-covid-19-cases-in-png-capital

Doherty, B. (2020, July 20). First coronavirus-linked death in Melanesia as Papua New Guinea outbreak spreads. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/20/first-coronavirus-linked-death-in-melanesia-as-papua-new-guinea-outbreak-spreads

Kabuni, M. (2020, 17 July). COVID-19 in Papua New Guineahttps://www.policyforum.net/covid-19-in-papua-new-guinea/

Griffith Asia Institute (2020). COVID-19 Aid to the Pacific Tracker. https://www.griffith.edu.au/asia-institute/partnerships-collaborations/pacific-hub/coronavirus-aid-in-the-pacific

McGarry, D., & Cain, T. S. (2020, July 8). Coronavirus in the Pacific: Weekly briefing. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/08/coronavirus-in-the-pacific-weekly-briefing

Eriksson, H., Ride, A., Notere Boso, D., Sukulu, M., Batalofo, M., Siota, F. & Gomese, C. (2020, July 7). Changes and adaptations in village food systems in Solomon Islands: A rapid appraisal during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. https://www.worldfishcenter.org/content/changes-and-adaptations-village-food-systems-solomon-islands-rapid-appraisal-during-early

Ewart, R. (2020, June 23). Antibody test results in PNG raise concerns about true COVID-19 case numbers. https://www.abc.net.au/radio-australia/programs/pacificbeat/png-coronavirus/12382994

Asia & the Pacific Policy Society. (2020, June 18). Mapping the Pacific COVID-19 response.  https://www.policyforum.net/pacific-covid-19-map/?fbclid=IwAR3xLVDQYgzD_hB_72aMdQtOOrfD_cTRCV0vkkW43ahapoMp0CSOzzqab-0

Kopel, E. (2020, June 12). The impact of COVID-19 on livelihoods in Papua New Guinea. https://www.policyforum.net/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-livelihoods-in-papua-new-guinea/

Maclellan, N. (2020, June 11). Smart harvest: Pacific islanders are responding to disruptions to food security with cultural solidarity and new technology. https://insidestory.org.au/smart-harvest/

WHO. (2020, May 27). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in the Pacific. https://www.who.int/westernpacific/emergencies/covid-19/pacific

Sanderson, T., Chapman, G., Walker, D. & Horne, P. (2020, May 18). Food systems security, resilience and emerging risks in the Indo-Pacific in the context of COVID-19: a rapid assessment. https://www.aciar.gov.au/publication/Food-systems-rapid-assessment

Kabuni, M. (2020, May). COVID-19 (Coronavirus) in Papua New Guinea: the state of emergency cannot fix years of negligence. https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/bitstream/1885/204523/1/DPA%20In%20Brief%20202015%20Kabuni.pdf

Goro, J. (2020, May). The impact of coronavirus pandemic on access to public transport in Papua New Guinea. https://pngnri.org/images/Publications/Spotlight_Vol_13_Issue_8.pdf

Hukula, F. (2020, May). The potential impact of COVID-19 pandemic on vulnerable groups. https://pngnri.org/images/Publications/Spotlight_Vol_13_Issue_7_The_potential_impact_of_COVID-19_pandemic_on_vulnerable_groups_.pdf

Kopel, E. (2020, May). The impact of COVID-19 on livelihoods in the informal economy in Papua New Guinea. https://pngnri.org/images/Publications/Spotlight_13_4_The_impact_of_COVID-19_on_livelihoods_in_the_Informal_Economy_in_Papua_New_Guinea_2.pdf

Henderson, K., & Kakinuma Hassan, A. (2020, May 5). Responding to COVID-19 in PNG: NGOs and health workers. https://devpolicy.org/responding-to-covid-19-20200505-2/

ABC Radio National. (2020, May 2). PNG and coronavirus. https://abcmedia.akamaized.net/rn/podcast/2020/05/sea_20200502_0730.mp3

Fainu, K. (2020, April 30). We were behind the eight ball: Papua New Guinea’s health minister on COVID-19. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/30/papua-new-guinea-png-health-minister-covid-19-coronavirus-ppe

Phillips, G., & Cox, M. (2020, April 28). COVID-19 and emergency care in the Pacific. https://devpolicy.org/covid-19-and-emergency-care-in-the-pacific-20200428/

Clarke, M. (2020, April 28). Coronavirus could see Papua New Guinea, Indonesia become failed states. ABC. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-04-28/coronavirus-risks-indonesia-png-becoming-failed-states/12191850

Bourke, M., & Kanua, M. (2020, April 21). Potential response to COVID-19 in PNG: support for food production. https://devpolicy.org/potential-response-to-covid-19-in-png-support-for-food-production-20200421-1/

Minnegal, M., & Dwyer, P.  (2020, April 16). God, health and COVID-19 in remote Papua New Guinea. https://devpolicy.org/god-health-and-covid-19-in-remote-papua-new-guinea-20200416/

Fainu, K. (2020, April 11). ‘We have nothing’: Papua New Guinea’s broken health system braces for COVID-19. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/11/we-have-nothing-papua-new-guineas-broken-health-system-braces-for-covid-19

Forsyth, M., & Peake, G. (2020, April 8).  Thinking collectively, acting individually: governance in a time of COVID-19. https://devpolicy.org/thinking-collectively-acting-individually-governance-in-a-time-of-covid-19-20200408/

Maclellan, N. (2020, March 25).  “God will protect us, but he still wants us to wash our hands!” https://insidestory.org.au/god-will-protect-us-but-he-still-wants-us-to-wash-our-hands/

Allen, B. (2020).  Coronavirus COVID-19 in Papua New Guinea. https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/202457?mode=full

EMTV. (2020). https://emtv.com.pg/

Loop Pacific. (2020). http://www.looppng.com/section/162170

Post Courier Online. (2020). https://postcourier.com.pg/

The National. (2020). https://www.thenational.com.pg/

Health clinic in remote Western Province, PNG. 1.
Health clinic in remote Western Province, PNG. 2.
Health clinic in remote Western Province, PNG. 3.
Health clinic in remote Western Province, PNG. 4.
Konos aid post